Thematic questions at the heart of Antigone:

- When is it justifiable to break the law?

- Exactly what are our obligations to family? To friends?

- How strong should one's moral code be? How do we respond when

put to the test in ways that threaten our safety or our very lives?

- What makes a strong leader? How rigid should leaders be in upholding the law?

Antigone confesses

Backgrounds of the play: Sophocles' Theban Cycle, Oedipus the King (click below)

Full text of Antigone

TRAGEDY: Terms and Definitions

Ancient Greek theater

MORAL ISSUES ARTICLES: What would cause you to take a stand, join a protest, break a law?

For what or whom do you feel empathy? Apathy?

Moral Issue Article 1 - Pharmacists

Moral Issue Article 2 - Interracial Marriage

Moral Issue Article 3 - Nurses

List of Amendments in the Bill of Rights:

Definition of Freedom:

1. The condition of being free of restraints.

2. Liberty of the person from slavery, detention, or oppression.

3. a. Political independence.b. Exemption from the arbitrary exercise of authority in the performance of a specific action; civil liberty: freedom of assembly.

4. Exemption from an unpleasant or onerous condition: freedom from want.

5. The capacity to exercise choice; free will: We have the freedom to do as we please all afternoon.

6. Ease or facility of movement: loose sports clothing, giving the wearer freedom.

7. Frankness or boldness; lack of modesty or reserve: the new freedom in movies and novels.

8. a. The right to unrestricted use; full access: was given the freedom of their research facilities.b. The right of enjoying all of the privileges of membership or citizenship: the freedom of the city.

9. A right or the power to engage in certain actions without control or interference

Definition of PERSONAL FREEDOM :

freedom of the person in going and coming, equality before the courts, security of private property,

freedom of opinion and its expression, and freedom of conscience subject to the rights of others and

of the public — compare personal liberty

Additional types of PERSONAL FREEDOM we enjoy in America:

-The right to privacy

-The right to travel freely

-The right to a free and public education

-The right to practice whatever religion we wish, or not any at all

-The right to wear what we wish

-The right to live where we wish and not face discrimination due to our race or gender

-The right to apply for whatever job we wish and not face discrimination due to our race, gender or age

-The right to raise our children as we see fit, with the exception of excessive corporal punishment

Can you think of others?

Link to Professor Sandel's lecture, "The Claims of Community" (Episode 11, part 1 only)

Archived information about our Constitution:

Website that uses humor to explain our Bill of Rights:

Pepper spray incident, Nov. 2011 in California:

Quote for the day, by Margaret Mead, U. S. anthropologist:

"A small group of thoughtful people could change the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever has."

Do we obey the laws of humans or the law of a higher power?

What happens when they diverge?


- Everyone has a right to pursue health, wealth and happiness.

- We are ultimately responsible for ourselves and our loved ones.

- Hard work brings success.

- Individuals may choose to give or not give, help or not help. They are under no obligation.

- We must live and let live.

- Citizens should obey the law of the land.



- All life is sacred.

- We must honor others as ourselves.

- We should seek good over evil.

- We should honor and trust in the Divine power.

- We must seek the truth in all things.

- We are our brothers' keepers.